This is the true story of Spiegelman’s father, Vladek, and his experiences as a Polish Jew during World War II who survived the Holocaust. The black-and-white frames depict conversations Spiegelman has with his father as he tries to better understand him and their relationship. The illustrations are clever, showing humans as animals. The Jews are mice, the Nazis are cats, and the Polish are pigs. When Vladek is in hiding, he often wore a mask to fit it. It took Spiegelman 13 years to complete this book. It is terrifying to read the first-person account of Vladek’s many brushes with death, and it is amazing that he survived such heartbreaking conditions.